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Klinika Mediss Medical Blog Skin mycoses
Artykuł: Skin mycoses

Skin mycoses

25 Jun 2024

Skin mycoses: incidence, types and treatment

Skin fungal infections are common health problems that affect many people around the world. It is estimated that about 20% of people in developed societies suffer from mycosis at least once in their lives, and this problem affects 3% of the population at the same time. The skin, as a complex organ, performs protective and regulatory functions for the human body. It consists of three layers: the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue, and also contains various structures such as blood vessels, nerves and sweat and sebaceous glands.

Types of skin mycoses

Skin mycoses can be divided into several main types depending on the location and etiological factors:

  1. Superficial mycoses – including, among others: pityriasis versicolor, which is caused by the fungus Pityrosporum ovale. They are characterized by spots on the skin that may change color and peel.
  2. Mycoses of the skin – such as mycosis of smooth skin, groins, feet (so-called athlete’s foot) and nails. Each of these types has its own characteristic clinical features and requires a specific therapeutic approach.

Causes and risk factors

Mycosis of the skin is caused by dermatophytes, yeasts and molds. The most common risk factors for infection include: a humid and warm environment, wearing tight clothing, contact with infected people or animals, and weakened immunity.

Diagnostics and treatment

The diagnosis of mycosis is based on the clinical picture and microscopic examination of skin samples. Treatment may include local therapy, systemic therapy, or a combination of both, depending on the type and severity of the infection. Various antifungal drugs are used, such as clotrimazole, miconazole and terbinafine.

Prevention

To prevent skin fungal infection, it is recommended to wear loose, breathable clothing, wash and dry the skin daily, and avoid sharing personal items. It is also important to use appropriate protective measures in public places where there is a risk of infection.
Skin mycoses can be a troublesome health problem, but appropriate prevention and quick diagnosis and treatment can effectively prevent their spread and complications. If you suspect a fungal infection, it is always worth consulting a dermatologist who will select the appropriate therapy tailored to the individual needs of the patient.